A bunion (hallus valgus) is a painful bony bump that forms gradually on the joint at the base of your big toe.
Pressure on the big toe joint causes it to become misaligned resulting in the big toe pushing towards the second toe. Over time, the normal structure of the bone changes forcing the joint of your big toe to get bigger and stick out.
Bunions start out small but they usually get worse over time (especially if the individual continues to wear tight, narrow running shoes).
Because the MTP joint flexes with every step, the bigger the bunion gets, the more painful and difficult running can become.

An advanced bunion can greatly alter the appearance of the foot. In severe casesbunions the big toe may angle all the way under or over the second toe.
Pressure from the big toe may force the second toe also out of alignment causing it to come in contact with the third toe.
Calluses may develop where the toes rub against each other, causing additional discomfort and difficulty running resulting in the bunion bump. This deformity may gradually increase and making it painful to wear running shoes or to run.
Bunions are more likely to occur in people who have unusually flexible joints and that this flexibility may be inherited. In most cases bunion pain is relieved by wearing wider shoes

Causes of Bunions

Inherited foot type
Foot injuries
Deformities present at birth (congenital)
Tight or worn footwear may contribute to bunion development.

Signs/Symptoms

A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe.
Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint.
Corns or calluses, these often develop where the first and second toes overlap.
Persistent or intermittent pain.
Restricted movement of your big toe if arthritis affects the toe

When to see a doctor
Although bunions often require no medical treatment, you should see your doctor or a specialist who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist) if you have …
Persistent big toe or foot pain.
A visible bump on your big toe joint.
Decreased movement of your big toe or foot.
Difficulty finding shoes that fit properly because of a bunion.
Certain health conditions, such as arthritis or rhumatoid arthritis and gout which can lead to the formation of bunions causing pain and inflammation in the joints. .

Treatments

Painkillers
Modifying footwear.
Orthotic insoles, bunion pads and toe spacers.
Surgery may be considered if a person’s symptoms are severe and do not respond to non surgical treatment. The type of surgery used will depend on the level of deformity, the severity of any other associated symptoms, the patient’s age and any other associated medical conditions.

An advanced bunion can greatly alter the appearance of the foot. In severe bunions, the big toe may angle all the way under or over the second toe.
Pressure from the big toe may force the second toe out of alignment, causing it to come in contact with the third toe.
Calluses may develop where the toes rub against each other, causing additional discomfort and difficulty running.

Symptoms
The most obvious sign is a bulging lump on the joint. It might hurt and be swollen or red. It also can make it hard to move your toes, especially your big toe.

Conditions that make your joints swell and hurt, like rheumatoid arthritis, can lead to bunions. Shoes that don’t fit well can, too, especially if they cramp your toes. And some people are just more likely to get them because of the way their feet are shaped.

Treatment: Ice
To ease swelling and pain, wrap a bag of frozen vegetables or crushed ice in a towel and put it on your bunion. Be sure not to leave it on longer than 20 minutes at a time — it can cause ice burn because your foot has less tissue and muscle than other parts of your body. If you have nerve damage or circulation problems, talk to you doctor before putting an ice pack on your feet.

Padding
Special pads can cushion the area near the bunion that hurts. But talk to your doctor first, or test the pad for a short period to see if it helps. If it’s the wrong size for you, it can add pressure and cause more problems.
Because bunions are associated with flat feet and unstable arches, bunion shoe inserts and orthotics that provide superior arch support – Tread Labs Stride – will help prevent the development of this painful condition.

Choosing the appropriate footwear after bunions develop is crucial for relieving pain. The best types of shoes will provide enough space for your feet to rest comfortably. They will also provide the necessary structure and support to correct the biomechanical issues that initially caused the bunions. Wearing bunion inserts can also reduce your discomfort and prevent your bunions from getting worse.

FIND YOUR BEST INSOLE FIT FOR BUNION ORTHOTICS

In this post, we’ll walk you through the problems commonly associated with bunions as well as tips for finding bunion support and the best bunion orthotics for you.

The MTP carries much of your body’s weight when walking and running. With so much stress on the joint, a bunion can become very painful if not treated. While bunions most commonly form near the MTP , they sometimes occur on outside of the little toe. This is called a bunionette.

What Causes Bunions?
Bunions are a result of abnormal motion and faulty biomechanics. When the normal balance of forces exerted on the foot is disrupted, the MTP often bears the brunt of instability and increased pressure.

Many women will experience bunions sometime during their lifetime. In fact, more women than men will develop bunions due to the prevalence of high heeled shoes for women.

If your parents developed bunions, it is more likely that you will as well. That isn’t because bunions are genetic. It’s because the biomechanics that lead to bunions are genetic. If you wear proper shoes and bunion shoe inserts, you can dramatically decrease the likelihood of developing bunions.

Common Causes Of Bunions
The main biomechanical irregularities that cause bunions are:

Flat feet
Low or fallen arches
Apart from biomechanical irregularities, the following issues and conditions can cause bunions:

Foot injuries
Arthritis
Inflammatory joint disease
Undue foot stress (ballet dancers often develop bunions)
Overuse of shoes that squeeze the toes together and distribute weight abnormally – high heels
The Symptoms Of Bunions
If you develop any of the following issues, you might have a bunion:

The presence of a firm bump on the inside of your foot at the base of the big toe
Redness or swelling in the area
Pain around the big toe
Restriction of toe movement

Bunions

A bunion (hallus valgus) is a painful bony bump that forms gradually on the joint at the base of your big toe as a result of abnormal motion, instability and faulty biomechanics.. Pressure on the big toe joint causes it to become misaligned resulting in the big toe pushing towards the second toe. Over time, the normal structure of the bone changes forcing the joint of your big toe to get bigger and stick out. Bunions start out small but they usually get worse over time (especially if the individual continues to wear tight, narrow running shoes. Because the MTP joint flexes with every step, the bigger the bunion gets, the more painful and difficult running can become. Bunions are more likely to occur in people who have unusually flexible joints and that this flexibility may be inherited. An advanced bunion can greatly alter the appearance of the foot. In severe cases bunions can cause the big toe may angle all the way under or over the second toe. Pressure from the big toe may force the second toe also out of alignment causing it to come in contact with the third toe. Calluses may develop where the toes rub against each other causing additional discomfort and difficulty running resulting in the bunion bump. This deformity may gradually increase and making it painful to wear running shoes or to run. In most cases bunion pain is relieved by wearing wider shoes.
Causes of Bunions
? Inherited foot type ? Foot injuries ? Deformities present at birth (congenital) ? Tight or worn footwear may contribute to bunion development.
? Flat feet ? Low or fallen arches ? Foot injuries ? Arthritis ? Inflammatory joint disease
Symptoms of Bunions
? A bulging bump on the outside of the base of your big toe.
? Swelling, redness or soreness around your big toe joint. ? Corns or calluses, these often develop where the first and second toes overlap.
? Persistent or intermittent pain. ? Restricted movement of your big toe if arthritis affects the toe. Although bunions often require no medical treatment, you should see your doctor or a specialist who specializes in treating foot disorders (podiatrist or orthopedic foot specialist) if you have
? Persistent big toe or foot pain. ? A visible bump on your big toe joint.
? Decreased movement of your big toe or foot.
? Difficulty finding shoes that fit properly because of a bunion.
? Certain health conditions, such as arthritis or rhumatoid arthritis and gout which can lead to the formation of bunions causing pain and inflammation in the joints. .
Treatments for Bunions
? Painkillers ? Modifying footwear. ? Orthotic insoles, bunion pads and toe spacers. An advanced bunion can greatly alter the appearance of the foot. In severe bunions, the big toe may angle all the way under or over the second toe. Pressure from the big toe may force the second toe out of alignment, causing it to come in contact with the third toe. Calluses may develop where the toes rub against each other, causing additional discomfort and difficulty running. Surgery may be considered if symptoms are severe and do not respond to non surgical treatment. Icing the area to ease swelling and pain longer for no longer than twenty minutes at a time to prevent ice burn as your foot has less tissue and muscle than other parts of your body. If you have nerve damage or circulation problems, talk to you doctor before putting an ice pack on your feet. Choosing the appropriate footwear after bunions develop is crucial for relieving pain. The best types of shoes will provide enough space for your feet to rest comfortably. They will also provide the necessary structure and support to correct the biomechanical issues that initially caused the bunions. Wearing bunion inserts can also reduce your discomfort and prevent your bunions from getting worse. Special pads can cushion the area near the bunion that hurts. But talk to your doctor first, or test the pad for a short period to see if it helps. If it’s the wrong size for you, it can add pressure and cause more problems. Because bunions are associated with flat feet and unstable arches, bunion shoe inserts and orthotics that provide superior arch support – Tread Labs Stride – will help prevent the development of this painful condition.