A heel spur is a calcium deposit that builds up over a period of months causing a bony protrusion on the underside of the heel bone causing heel pain. It can extend forward by as much as a half inch and is caused by strains on foot muscles and ligaments.Although heel spurs are often painless they can cause heel pain. They are frequently associated with plantar fasciitis. An inferior calcaneal spur can be found at the interior part of the heel and is usually associated with plantar fasciitis. Another type of heel spur is posterior calcaneal spur which develops on the back of the heel near the Achilles tendon. Heel spurs are especially common among athletes whose activities include large amounts of running.
Causes of Heel Spurs
● Muscle or ligament strains (or both) in your foot.
● In addition, heel spurs can appear when the membrane that covers your heel bone is worn away by shoes that don’t fit correctly,
● Excessive weight or an imbalance in the way you move.
● Overstretching the stretching of the plantar fascia and repeated tearing of the membrane that covers the heel bone are other causes.
Symptons of Heel Spurs
● Pain around the area of the heel spur.
● Finding it intolerable to put weight on the affected heel.
Treatments for Heel Spurs & Heel Pain
A heel spur is treated similarly to plantar fasciitis because both conditions are related. The initial treatment for a heel spur is rest and control of the inflammation.
● Stretching exercises.
● Taping or strapping to rest stressed muscles and tendons.
● Physical Therapy.
● Foot orthotics or running inserts.
● Anti inflammatory medications and cortisone injections.
Rest from running to avoid aggravation of the sympton
● Applying ice packs can help to reduce the symptoms of heel pain.
● Medications such as anti inflammatory medicines can be prescribed to relieve inflammation and foot pain.
Recommended treatment for heel spur syndromes vary based on specific symptoms. Heel pain caused by excessive pronation and torquing of the fascia may be treated with orthotic insoles which help to stabilize pronation and arch elongation.
If conservative treatments fail, surgery may be necessary.